Senators
FELIPE KAST SOMMERHOFF
FELIPE KAST SOMMERHOFF
Evopoli
JAIME QUINTANA LEAL
JAIME QUINTANA LEAL
Partido por la Democracia (PPD)
JOSE GARCIA RUMINOT
JOSE GARCIA RUMINOT
Renovación Nacional (RN)
FRANCISCO HUENCHUMILLA JARAMILLO
FRANCISCO HUENCHUMILLA JARAMILLO
Partido Demócrata Cristiano (PDC)
CARMEN GLORIA ARAVENA ACUNA
CARMEN GLORIA ARAVENA ACUNA
Evopoli
Mayor
MIGUEL BECKER ALVEAR
MIGUEL BECKER ALVEAR
Renovación Nacional (RN)
R&D spending

Showing data of Araucanía

In 2013, the economic sectors of Araucanía that spent more on R&D were Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, and Manufacturing.

In 2014, the companies of Araucanía that led the execution of R&D spending were Private Domestic, Mixed and Private Foreign.

Trade

In 2016 firms located in Temuco exported US$ 90.51 m. During the last years, Temuco exports have increased at an annual average rate of 0%, from US$ 90.48 m in to US$ 90.51 m in 2016. Temuco main export is Prepared foods obtained by swelling or roasting cereals or cereal products (e.g. corn flakes); cereals (other than maize (corn)) in grain form or in the form of flakes or other worked grains (not flour and meal), pre-cooked or otherwise prepared, n.e.c., that represents 36% of Temuco total exports, followed by Fuel Wood that represents 23%.

In 2016 firms located in Temuco imported US$ 121.25 m. During the last years, Temuco imports have increased at an annual average rate of 2%, from US$ 109.84 m in to US$ 121.25 m in 2016. Temuco main import is Bovine Meat, that represents 9% of Temuco total imports, followed by Seats that represents 8%.

Industry

In 2014, Temuco created a total output of $ 2.4 t. Labour productivity based on industry output in Temuco was $ 14.3 m CLP per worker.

Temuco principal industries are Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, Construction and Manufacturing.

Temuco most common occupations, according to number of workers, are Elementary occupations, Professionals and Technicians and associated professionals.

Opportunity in Industries

Comunas, regions and countries have a greater probability of starting related economic activities with respect to those activities they already perform. The industry space connects industries that tend to exist by the same countries.

Higher presence industries in Temuco are highlighted in colours. By clicking on networks you can see the most related products and industries (and with higher development probability) related to those already present in Temuco.

Industry Space

Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) measures specialization level for a location in an industry or product. In case a locality has RCA greater than one at an economic activity, the referred activity has greater presence on that location with respect to an average location.

Opportunity in Products

Comunas, regions and countries have a greater probability of starting related economic activities with respect to those activities they already perform. The product space connects products that tend to be exported by the same countries.

Higher presence products in Temuco are highlighted in colours. By clicking on networks you can see the most related products and industries (and with higher development probability) related to those already present in Temuco.

Product Space

Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) measures specialization level for a location in an industry or product. In case a locality has RCA greater than one at an economic activity, the referred activity has greater presence on that location with respect to an average location.

Employment

Showing data of Araucanía

In 2016, the workforce in Araucanía was composed by 692.16 k people, of which 344.15 k were men and 344.15 k were women.

In 2016, the number of people working in Araucanía was 418.07 k employees, while the number of unemployed people was 30.66 k, and the number of non-active people was 243.43 k.

Most of the occupied people of Araucanía has an educational level (according to their last completed grade) Upper secondary education, followed by Bachelor’s or equivalent level.

Income

Showing data of Región Araucanía

Income by sex and age slide.

Income

Showing data of Región Araucanía

Income by sex and age slide.

R&D spending

Showing data of Araucanía

In 2013, the economic sectors of Araucanía that spent more on R&D were Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, and Manufacturing.

In 2014, the companies of Araucanía that led the execution of R&D spending were Private Domestic, Mixed and Private Foreign.

Trade

In 2016 firms located in Temuco exported US$ 90.51 m. During the last years, Temuco exports have increased at an annual average rate of 0%, from US$ 90.48 m in to US$ 90.51 m in 2016. Temuco main export is Prepared foods obtained by swelling or roasting cereals or cereal products (e.g. corn flakes); cereals (other than maize (corn)) in grain form or in the form of flakes or other worked grains (not flour and meal), pre-cooked or otherwise prepared, n.e.c., that represents 36% of Temuco total exports, followed by Fuel Wood that represents 23%.

In 2016 firms located in Temuco imported US$ 121.25 m. During the last years, Temuco imports have increased at an annual average rate of 2%, from US$ 109.84 m in to US$ 121.25 m in 2016. Temuco main import is Bovine Meat, that represents 9% of Temuco total imports, followed by Seats that represents 8%.

Enrollment

In 2015 there were 64,785 enrolled students in Temuco schools. From these, 15,236 were enrolled in municipal managed schools, 44,015 in subsidised schools, 4,864 in private schools, and 670 in delegated administration schools.

Performance Evaluation

National System of Performance Evaluation (SNED) is a performance index of schools based on the measurement of 6 factors: effectiveness, improvement, initiative, improvement of working conditions, equal opportunities and teacher integration. * Effectiveness and Overcoming come from standarized test SIMCE.

In 2016, the average score awarded by SNED for Temuco schools was 66.80 over 100. National average score of SNED was 67.48 over 100.

Average Performance By School Type

* In the case of Special Education, these establishments do not present indicators applicable for the factors effectiveness and overcoming

Efectiveness: Educational result obtained by the establishment in relation with the population served. It is measured through the SIMCE average in all learning sub-sectors. Weighting of 37% in the SNED index.

Overcoming: Differentials of educational attainment obtained over time by the educational establishment. Weighting of 28% in the SNED index.

Fairness: Degree of accessibility and permanence of the school population in the educational establishment and the integration of groups with learning difficulties. Weighting of 22% in the SNED index.

Improvement: It was considered in its measurement the classification of the establishment in the Subsidies Inspection System and compliance with the statistical processes demanded by the Ministry of Education such as Enrollment, Teaching Suitability, Performance Acts, Improvement of working conditions and proper operation of the establishment. Weighting of 2% in the SNED index.

Initiative: Capacity of the establishment to incorporate educational innovations and engage the support of external agents in their pedagogical work. Weighting of 6% in the SNED index.

Integration: Integration and participation of professors, parents and guardians in the development of the educational project of the establishment. Weighting of 5% in the SNED index.

Performance Evaluation

National System of Performance Evaluation (SNED) is a performance index of schools based on the measurement of 6 factors: effectiveness, improvement, initiative, improvement of working conditions, equal opportunities and teacher integration. * Effectiveness and Overcoming come from standarized test SIMCE.

In 2016, the average score awarded by SNED for Temuco schools was 66.80 over 100. National average score of SNED was 67.48 over 100.

Efectiveness vs Overcoming by School

* In the case of Special Education, these establishments do not present indicators applicable for the factors effectiveness and overcoming

Efectiveness: Educational result obtained by the establishment in relation with the population served. It is measured through the SIMCE average in all learning sub-sectors. Weighting of 37% in the SNED index.

Overcoming: Differentials of educational attainment obtained over time by the educational establishment. Weighting of 28% in the SNED index.

Fairness: Degree of accessibility and permanence of the school population in the educational establishment and the integration of groups with learning difficulties. Weighting of 22% in the SNED index.

Improvement: It was considered in its measurement the classification of the establishment in the Subsidies Inspection System and compliance with the statistical processes demanded by the Ministry of Education such as Enrollment, Teaching Suitability, Performance Acts, Improvement of working conditions and proper operation of the establishment. Weighting of 2% in the SNED index.

Initiative: Capacity of the establishment to incorporate educational innovations and engage the support of external agents in their pedagogical work. Weighting of 6% in the SNED index.

Integration: Integration and participation of professors, parents and guardians in the development of the educational project of the establishment. Weighting of 5% in the SNED index.

Score

In 2016, 9,754 PSU Exams were taken in Temuco. The PSU average score in Temuco was 515 points in 2016.

*The PSU average is the arithmetic mean between the score obtained in the Spanish Language test and the Mathematics test.

Score

In 2016, 9,754 PSU Exams were taken in Temuco. The PSU average score in Temuco was 515 points in 2016.

*The PSU average is the arithmetic mean between the score obtained in the Spanish Language test and the Mathematics test.

Performance

Best PSU performing schools in Temuco in 2016 are Colegio Centenario, Colegio Inglés George Chaytor and Colegio Alemán.

The PSU average* score de escuelas Municipal fue 503 puntos, de escuelas Subsidised fue 513 puntos, de escuelas Private fue 604 puntos y de escuelas Delegated Administration fue 446 puntos.

*The PSU average is the arithmetic mean between the score obtained in the Spanish Language test and the Mathematics test.

Enrollment

In 2015 there were 64,785 enrolled students in Temuco schools. From these, 15,236 were enrolled in municipal managed schools, 44,015 in subsidised schools, 4,864 in private schools, and 670 in delegated administration schools.

Performance Evaluation

National System of Performance Evaluation (SNED) is a performance index of schools based on the measurement of 6 factors: effectiveness, improvement, initiative, improvement of working conditions, equal opportunities and teacher integration. * Effectiveness and Overcoming come from standarized test SIMCE.

In 2016, the average score awarded by SNED for Temuco schools was 66.80 over 100. National average score of SNED was 67.48 over 100.

Average Performance By School Type

* In the case of Special Education, these establishments do not present indicators applicable for the factors effectiveness and overcoming

Efectiveness: Educational result obtained by the establishment in relation with the population served. It is measured through the SIMCE average in all learning sub-sectors. Weighting of 37% in the SNED index.

Overcoming: Differentials of educational attainment obtained over time by the educational establishment. Weighting of 28% in the SNED index.

Fairness: Degree of accessibility and permanence of the school population in the educational establishment and the integration of groups with learning difficulties. Weighting of 22% in the SNED index.

Improvement: It was considered in its measurement the classification of the establishment in the Subsidies Inspection System and compliance with the statistical processes demanded by the Ministry of Education such as Enrollment, Teaching Suitability, Performance Acts, Improvement of working conditions and proper operation of the establishment. Weighting of 2% in the SNED index.

Initiative: Capacity of the establishment to incorporate educational innovations and engage the support of external agents in their pedagogical work. Weighting of 6% in the SNED index.

Integration: Integration and participation of professors, parents and guardians in the development of the educational project of the establishment. Weighting of 5% in the SNED index.

Housing & Environment|Security

Devices

Showing data of Región Araucanía

In Araucanía, by 2016, 265,986 people have internet access.

From these, 165,374 accessed the internet through a mobile phone, 117,168 using a laptop, and 70,995 through a desktop computer.

Devices' use in Araucanía

62.2%

use device

Mobile phone

44.1%

use device

Laptop computer

26.7%

use device

Desktop computer

15.9%

use device

Tablet

4.4%

use device

Smart TV

1.4%

use device

Videogame console

Crimes

The crimes of greatest social connotation with the highest number of reports in Temuco during 2016 were Larcenies, Theft with force and Theft in an inhabited place.

Services Access

The CASEN survey gathers information on access to services and equipment for the inhabitants of the different localities of the country.

Main services in Temuco

98.0%

Less Than 8 Blocks from

Public Transport

94.6%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Educational Center

82.7%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Health Center

94.0%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Market

90.6%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

ATM

84.9%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Sport Center

89.2%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Green Areas

82.9%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Community Equipment

53.9%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Pharmacy

Quality

In Temuco there are 27923 rural households (8.6% of the households total).

Most households in Temuco are Detached. The most common construction material in Temuco is Septum lined on both sides (wood, steel, tin, or other).

Devices

Showing data of Región Araucanía

In Araucanía, by 2016, 265,986 people have internet access.

From these, 165,374 accessed the internet through a mobile phone, 117,168 using a laptop, and 70,995 through a desktop computer.

Devices' use in Araucanía

62.2%

use device

Mobile phone

44.1%

use device

Laptop computer

26.7%

use device

Desktop computer

15.9%

use device

Tablet

4.4%

use device

Smart TV

1.4%

use device

Videogame console

Crimes

The crimes of greatest social connotation with the highest number of reports in Temuco during 2016 were Larcenies, Theft with force and Theft in an inhabited place.

Population

For the year 2018, the population on Temuco, according to INE estimations, is 340,161 people.

The poblational projection for the year 2020 is +354,903 people.

Migration

During 2016, 748 visas were granted to immigrants that declare residence in Temuco. The main origin countries are: Colombia and Peru. Most of them has High School as an education level.

Migration

The average age, according to the visas granted on 2016 to immigrants living in Temuco is 32.5 years old.

In Temuco, visas granted are split in 44.1 % of women, and 55.9 % of men.

Migration

In 2016, 54.8 % of the 748 visas granted in Temuco correlate to the most common activity between immigrants: Employee.

Likewise, the most common visa type in Temuco is Definitive Permanence By Grace, with a 75.4 %.

Population

For the year 2018, the population on Temuco, according to INE estimations, is 340,161 people.

The poblational projection for the year 2020 is +354,903 people.

Migration

During 2016, 748 visas were granted to immigrants that declare residence in Temuco. The main origin countries are: Colombia and Peru. Most of them has High School as an education level.

Death Causes

Showing data of Región Araucanía

In the period 2010 - 2014, death cause with the highest annual growth rate in Araucanía were Diseases of the digestive system with a 4.7 %, followed by Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease with a 4.7 %.

Access

En 2015, 325,048 people were affiliated to a health insurance system, representing 98.4 % of the population in Temuco.

On the other hand, affiliations to a health insurance company had decreased at a rate of -5.3 % in the period 2000-2015

Access to Health Insurance*

* “When a new beneficiary joins the Public Health Insurance, the first task of FONASA is to place them in one of its 4 income segments. This classification, of scale type, allows to gather socioeconomic characterizations of the beneficiary population, and they are defined in the following way:

  • A Group: Beneficiaries lacking the resources to pay contributions in health, or in conditions of indigence (non-contributors).
  • B Group: Beneficiaries with incomes under CLP$270,000 per month (contributors). Workers in the public health sector.
  • C Group: Beneficiaries with incomes between CLP$270,000 and CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).
  • D Group: Beneficiaries with income equal or higher than CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).

However, the specific usefulness of this distribution of the beneficiary population is to specify the co-payment that they make in return for medical care granted with the coverage. Copayment is the concept to refer to a payment for services shared between the beneficiary and the insurance, where FONASA finances or subsidizes a part (percentage) of the cost of any health care, and the beneficiary contributes out of pocket the part that we do not finance / we reward.”

Healthcare by Type

Showing data of Araucanía

In 2013, there were reports for 1,227,590 emergency medical treatments in Araucanía.

Also, 27.3 % of these medical treatments were for specialized care, reporting an annual growth of 3.6 % in the period 2010-2013

Disability

Showing data of Región Araucanía

In 2015, 116,626 people at Araucanía suffered some disabilities type, where 47.9 % corresponded to a severe disability.

Death Causes

Showing data of Región Araucanía

In the period 2010 - 2014, death cause with the highest annual growth rate in Araucanía were Diseases of the digestive system with a 4.7 %, followed by Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease with a 4.7 %.

Access

En 2015, 325,048 people were affiliated to a health insurance system, representing 98.4 % of the population in Temuco.

On the other hand, affiliations to a health insurance company had decreased at a rate of -5.3 % in the period 2000-2015

Access to Health Insurance*

* “When a new beneficiary joins the Public Health Insurance, the first task of FONASA is to place them in one of its 4 income segments. This classification, of scale type, allows to gather socioeconomic characterizations of the beneficiary population, and they are defined in the following way:

  • A Group: Beneficiaries lacking the resources to pay contributions in health, or in conditions of indigence (non-contributors).
  • B Group: Beneficiaries with incomes under CLP$270,000 per month (contributors). Workers in the public health sector.
  • C Group: Beneficiaries with incomes between CLP$270,000 and CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).
  • D Group: Beneficiaries with income equal or higher than CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).

However, the specific usefulness of this distribution of the beneficiary population is to specify the co-payment that they make in return for medical care granted with the coverage. Copayment is the concept to refer to a payment for services shared between the beneficiary and the insurance, where FONASA finances or subsidizes a part (percentage) of the cost of any health care, and the beneficiary contributes out of pocket the part that we do not finance / we reward.”

Election
The highest participation in an election in Temuco was in 2017, to elect Presidente - 2nd round, with a 49.65% of voter participation.
Presidential Elections
There's no data of electoral participation for Temuco on 2017 presidential election.
Legislative Elections

The Senators who represent Temuco for the 2018-2022 term are FELIPE KAST SOMMERHOFF, FRANCISCO HUENCHUMILLA JARAMILLO, JOSE GARCIA RUMINOT, JAIME QUINTANA LEAL, and CARMEN GLORIA ARAVENA ACUNA.

On the other hand, the Congresspersons representing Temuco for the 2018-2022 term are RENE SAFFIRIO ESPINOZA, ANDRES MOLINA MAGOFKE, RICARDO CELIS ARAYA, MIGUEL MELLADO SUAZO, RENE MANUEL GARCIA GARCIA, SEBASTIAN ALVAREZ RAMIREZ, and FERNANDO MEZA MONCADA.

Names marked with a * represent elected officials in said election.

Mayor Elections

The population of Temuco chose MIGUEL BECKER ALVEAR, of Renovación Nacional (RN), for mayor on the 2016-2020 term, who received 33510 valid votes. In second place was JUAN ARCADIO ACEITON VASQUEZ, from Partido Demócrata Cristiano (PDC), who received 11279 votes.

Election
The highest participation in an election in Temuco was in 2017, to elect Presidente - 2nd round, with a 49.65% of voter participation.
Presidential Elections
There's no data of electoral participation for Temuco on 2017 presidential election.