Senators
YASNA PROVOSTE CAMPILLAY
YASNA PROVOSTE CAMPILLAY
Partido Demócrata Cristiano (PDC)
RAFAEL PROHENS ESPINOSA
RAFAEL PROHENS ESPINOSA
Renovación Nacional (RN)
R&D spending

In 2013, the economic sectors of Atacama that spent more on R&D were Manufacturing, and Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles.

In 2014, the companies of Atacama that led the execution of R&D spending were Private Domestic, Private Foreign and State-owned.

Trade

In 2016 firms located in Atacama exported US$ 941.53 m. During the last years, Atacama exports have decreased at an annual average rate of -17%, from US$ 2.45 b in to US$ 941.53 m in 2016. Atacama main export is Refined Copper, that represents 73% of Atacama total exports, followed by Gold that represents 24%.

In 2016 firms located in Atacama imported US$ 14.32 m. During the last years, Atacama imports have decreased at an annual average rate of -21%, from US$ 47.26 m in to US$ 14.32 m in 2016. Atacama main import is Special purpose motor vehicles; not those for the transport of persons or goods (e.g. breakdown lorries, road sweeper lorries, spraying lorries, mobile workshops, mobile radiological units etc), that represents 13% of Atacama total imports, followed by Vehicle Parts that represents 10%.

Industry

In 2014, Atacama created a total output of $ 3.1 t. Labour productivity based on industry output in Atacama was $ 29.4 m CLP per worker.

Atacama principal industries are Manufacturing, Mining and quarrying and Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles.

Atacama most common occupations, according to number of workers, are Elementary occupations, Craft and related trade workers and Service workers and shop and market sales workers.

Opportunity in Industries

Comunas, regions and countries have a greater probability of starting related economic activities with respect to those activities they already perform. The industry space connects industries that tend to exist by the same countries.

Higher presence industries in Atacama are highlighted in colours. By clicking on networks you can see the most related products and industries (and with higher development probability) related to those already present in Atacama.

Industry Space

Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) measures specialization level for a location in an industry or product. In case a locality has RCA greater than one at an economic activity, the referred activity has greater presence on that location with respect to an average location.

Opportunity in Products

Comunas, regions and countries have a greater probability of starting related economic activities with respect to those activities they already perform. The product space connects products that tend to be exported by the same countries.

Higher presence products in Atacama are highlighted in colours. By clicking on networks you can see the most related products and industries (and with higher development probability) related to those already present in Atacama.

Product Space

Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) measures specialization level for a location in an industry or product. In case a locality has RCA greater than one at an economic activity, the referred activity has greater presence on that location with respect to an average location.

Employment

In 2016, the workforce in Atacama was composed by 200.14 k people, of which 95.44 k were men and 95.44 k were women.

In 2016, the number of people working in Atacama was 120.41 k employees, while the number of unemployed people was 10.51 k, and the number of non-active people was 69.22 k.

Most of the occupied people of Atacama has an educational level (according to their last completed grade) Upper secondary education, followed by Bachelor’s or equivalent level.

Income

Income by sex and age slide.

Income

Income by sex and age slide.

R&D spending

In 2013, the economic sectors of Atacama that spent more on R&D were Manufacturing, and Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles.

In 2014, the companies of Atacama that led the execution of R&D spending were Private Domestic, Private Foreign and State-owned.

Trade

In 2016 firms located in Atacama exported US$ 941.53 m. During the last years, Atacama exports have decreased at an annual average rate of -17%, from US$ 2.45 b in to US$ 941.53 m in 2016. Atacama main export is Refined Copper, that represents 73% of Atacama total exports, followed by Gold that represents 24%.

In 2016 firms located in Atacama imported US$ 14.32 m. During the last years, Atacama imports have decreased at an annual average rate of -21%, from US$ 47.26 m in to US$ 14.32 m in 2016. Atacama main import is Special purpose motor vehicles; not those for the transport of persons or goods (e.g. breakdown lorries, road sweeper lorries, spraying lorries, mobile workshops, mobile radiological units etc), that represents 13% of Atacama total imports, followed by Vehicle Parts that represents 10%.

Enrollment

In 2015 there were 64,144 enrolled students in Atacama schools. From these, 40,810 were enrolled in municipal managed schools, 20,901 in subsidised schools, 2,433 in private schools, and 0 in delegated administration schools.

Performance Evaluation

National System of Performance Evaluation (SNED) is a performance index of schools based on the measurement of 6 factors: effectiveness, improvement, initiative, improvement of working conditions, equal opportunities and teacher integration. * Effectiveness and Overcoming come from standarized test SIMCE.

In 2016, the average score awarded by SNED for Atacama schools was 68.07 over 100. National average score of SNED was 67.48 over 100.

Average Performance By School Type

* In the case of Special Education, these establishments do not present indicators applicable for the factors effectiveness and overcoming

Efectiveness: Educational result obtained by the establishment in relation with the population served. It is measured through the SIMCE average in all learning sub-sectors. Weighting of 37% in the SNED index.

Overcoming: Differentials of educational attainment obtained over time by the educational establishment. Weighting of 28% in the SNED index.

Fairness: Degree of accessibility and permanence of the school population in the educational establishment and the integration of groups with learning difficulties. Weighting of 22% in the SNED index.

Improvement: It was considered in its measurement the classification of the establishment in the Subsidies Inspection System and compliance with the statistical processes demanded by the Ministry of Education such as Enrollment, Teaching Suitability, Performance Acts, Improvement of working conditions and proper operation of the establishment. Weighting of 2% in the SNED index.

Initiative: Capacity of the establishment to incorporate educational innovations and engage the support of external agents in their pedagogical work. Weighting of 6% in the SNED index.

Integration: Integration and participation of professors, parents and guardians in the development of the educational project of the establishment. Weighting of 5% in the SNED index.

Performance Evaluation

National System of Performance Evaluation (SNED) is a performance index of schools based on the measurement of 6 factors: effectiveness, improvement, initiative, improvement of working conditions, equal opportunities and teacher integration. * Effectiveness and Overcoming come from standarized test SIMCE.

In 2016, the average score awarded by SNED for Atacama schools was 68.07 over 100. National average score of SNED was 67.48 over 100.

Efectiveness vs Overcoming by School

* In the case of Special Education, these establishments do not present indicators applicable for the factors effectiveness and overcoming

Efectiveness: Educational result obtained by the establishment in relation with the population served. It is measured through the SIMCE average in all learning sub-sectors. Weighting of 37% in the SNED index.

Overcoming: Differentials of educational attainment obtained over time by the educational establishment. Weighting of 28% in the SNED index.

Fairness: Degree of accessibility and permanence of the school population in the educational establishment and the integration of groups with learning difficulties. Weighting of 22% in the SNED index.

Improvement: It was considered in its measurement the classification of the establishment in the Subsidies Inspection System and compliance with the statistical processes demanded by the Ministry of Education such as Enrollment, Teaching Suitability, Performance Acts, Improvement of working conditions and proper operation of the establishment. Weighting of 2% in the SNED index.

Initiative: Capacity of the establishment to incorporate educational innovations and engage the support of external agents in their pedagogical work. Weighting of 6% in the SNED index.

Integration: Integration and participation of professors, parents and guardians in the development of the educational project of the establishment. Weighting of 5% in the SNED index.

Score

In 2016, 6,962 PSU Exams were taken in Atacama. The PSU average score in Atacama was 482 points in 2016.

*The PSU average is the arithmetic mean between the score obtained in the Spanish Language test and the Mathematics test.

Score

In 2016, 6,962 PSU Exams were taken in Atacama. The PSU average score in Atacama was 482 points in 2016.

*The PSU average is the arithmetic mean between the score obtained in the Spanish Language test and the Mathematics test.

Performance

In 2016, PSU average* in Atacama de escuelas Municipal fue 441 puntos, de escuelas Subsidised fue 518 puntos y de escuelas Private fue 623 puntos.

The comunas of Atacama with best PSU performance are Copiapó (498.2 points), Diego De Almagro (488.2 points), and Vallenar (475.0 points).

*The PSU average is the arithmetic mean between the score obtained in the Spanish Language test and the Mathematics test.

Enrollment

In 2015 there were 64,144 enrolled students in Atacama schools. From these, 40,810 were enrolled in municipal managed schools, 20,901 in subsidised schools, 2,433 in private schools, and 0 in delegated administration schools.

Performance Evaluation

National System of Performance Evaluation (SNED) is a performance index of schools based on the measurement of 6 factors: effectiveness, improvement, initiative, improvement of working conditions, equal opportunities and teacher integration. * Effectiveness and Overcoming come from standarized test SIMCE.

In 2016, the average score awarded by SNED for Atacama schools was 68.07 over 100. National average score of SNED was 67.48 over 100.

Average Performance By School Type

* In the case of Special Education, these establishments do not present indicators applicable for the factors effectiveness and overcoming

Efectiveness: Educational result obtained by the establishment in relation with the population served. It is measured through the SIMCE average in all learning sub-sectors. Weighting of 37% in the SNED index.

Overcoming: Differentials of educational attainment obtained over time by the educational establishment. Weighting of 28% in the SNED index.

Fairness: Degree of accessibility and permanence of the school population in the educational establishment and the integration of groups with learning difficulties. Weighting of 22% in the SNED index.

Improvement: It was considered in its measurement the classification of the establishment in the Subsidies Inspection System and compliance with the statistical processes demanded by the Ministry of Education such as Enrollment, Teaching Suitability, Performance Acts, Improvement of working conditions and proper operation of the establishment. Weighting of 2% in the SNED index.

Initiative: Capacity of the establishment to incorporate educational innovations and engage the support of external agents in their pedagogical work. Weighting of 6% in the SNED index.

Integration: Integration and participation of professors, parents and guardians in the development of the educational project of the establishment. Weighting of 5% in the SNED index.

Housing & Environment|Security

Devices

In Atacama, by 2016, 80,698 people have internet access.

From these, 47,450 accessed the internet through a mobile phone, 26,495 using a laptop, and 11,567 through a desktop computer.

Devices' use in Atacama

58.8%

use device

Mobile phone

32.8%

use device

Laptop computer

14.3%

use device

Desktop computer

9.5%

use device

Tablet

1.2%

use device

Videogame console

1.1%

use device

Smart TV

Crimes

The crimes of greatest social connotation with the highest number of reports in Atacama during 2016 were Theft with force, Larcenies and Injuries.

Services Access

The CASEN survey gathers information on access to services and equipment for the inhabitants of the different localities of the country.

Main services in Atacama

98.1%

Less Than 8 Blocks from

Public Transport

96.5%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Educational Center

84.2%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Health Center

97.3%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Market

88.2%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

ATM

91.6%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Sport Center

91.3%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Green Areas

92.2%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Community Equipment

52.5%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Pharmacy

Quality

In Atacama there are 10316 rural households (4.8% of the households total).

Most households in Atacama are Semi detached. The most common construction material in Atacama is Masonry (cement block, stone or brick).

Devices

In Atacama, by 2016, 80,698 people have internet access.

From these, 47,450 accessed the internet through a mobile phone, 26,495 using a laptop, and 11,567 through a desktop computer.

Devices' use in Atacama

58.8%

use device

Mobile phone

32.8%

use device

Laptop computer

14.3%

use device

Desktop computer

9.5%

use device

Tablet

1.2%

use device

Videogame console

1.1%

use device

Smart TV

Crimes

The crimes of greatest social connotation with the highest number of reports in Atacama during 2016 were Theft with force, Larcenies and Injuries.

Population

For the year 2018, the population on Atacama, according to INE estimations, is 294,408 people.

The poblational projection for the year 2020 is +299,954 people.

Migration

During 2016, 3,912 visas were granted to immigrants that declare residence in Atacama. The main origin countries are: Bolivia and Colombia. Most of them has High School as an education level.

Migration

The average age, according to the visas granted on 2016 to immigrants living in Atacama is 29.3 years old.

In Atacama, visas granted are split in 47.4 % of women, and 52.6 % of men.

Migration

In 2016, 68.6 % of the 3,912 visas granted in Atacama correlate to the most common activity between immigrants: Employee.

Likewise, the most common visa type in Atacama is Definitive Permanence By Grace, with a 72.3 %.

Population

For the year 2018, the population on Atacama, according to INE estimations, is 294,408 people.

The poblational projection for the year 2020 is +299,954 people.

Migration

During 2016, 3,912 visas were granted to immigrants that declare residence in Atacama. The main origin countries are: Bolivia and Colombia. Most of them has High School as an education level.

Death Causes

In the period 2010 - 2014, death cause with the highest annual growth rate in Atacama were Transport accidents with a 12.9 %, followed by Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease with a 6.5 %.

Access

En 2015, 213,723 people were affiliated to a health insurance system, representing 73.5 % of the population in Atacama.

On the other hand, affiliations to a health insurance company had decreased at a rate of -4.1 % in the period 2000-2015

Access to Health Insurance*

* “When a new beneficiary joins the Public Health Insurance, the first task of FONASA is to place them in one of its 4 income segments. This classification, of scale type, allows to gather socioeconomic characterizations of the beneficiary population, and they are defined in the following way:

  • A Group: Beneficiaries lacking the resources to pay contributions in health, or in conditions of indigence (non-contributors).
  • B Group: Beneficiaries with incomes under CLP$270,000 per month (contributors). Workers in the public health sector.
  • C Group: Beneficiaries with incomes between CLP$270,000 and CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).
  • D Group: Beneficiaries with income equal or higher than CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).

However, the specific usefulness of this distribution of the beneficiary population is to specify the co-payment that they make in return for medical care granted with the coverage. Copayment is the concept to refer to a payment for services shared between the beneficiary and the insurance, where FONASA finances or subsidizes a part (percentage) of the cost of any health care, and the beneficiary contributes out of pocket the part that we do not finance / we reward.”

Healthcare by Type

In 2014, there were reports for 276,841 emergency medical treatments in Atacama.

Also, 40.1 % of these medical treatments were for specialized care, reporting an annual growth of 2.1 % in the period 2010-2014

Disability

In 2015, 46,786 people at Atacama suffered some disabilities type, where 48.7 % corresponded to a severe disability.

Death Causes

In the period 2010 - 2014, death cause with the highest annual growth rate in Atacama were Transport accidents with a 12.9 %, followed by Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease with a 6.5 %.

Access

En 2015, 213,723 people were affiliated to a health insurance system, representing 73.5 % of the population in Atacama.

On the other hand, affiliations to a health insurance company had decreased at a rate of -4.1 % in the period 2000-2015

Access to Health Insurance*

* “When a new beneficiary joins the Public Health Insurance, the first task of FONASA is to place them in one of its 4 income segments. This classification, of scale type, allows to gather socioeconomic characterizations of the beneficiary population, and they are defined in the following way:

  • A Group: Beneficiaries lacking the resources to pay contributions in health, or in conditions of indigence (non-contributors).
  • B Group: Beneficiaries with incomes under CLP$270,000 per month (contributors). Workers in the public health sector.
  • C Group: Beneficiaries with incomes between CLP$270,000 and CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).
  • D Group: Beneficiaries with income equal or higher than CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).

However, the specific usefulness of this distribution of the beneficiary population is to specify the co-payment that they make in return for medical care granted with the coverage. Copayment is the concept to refer to a payment for services shared between the beneficiary and the insurance, where FONASA finances or subsidizes a part (percentage) of the cost of any health care, and the beneficiary contributes out of pocket the part that we do not finance / we reward.”

Election
The highest participation in an election in Atacama was in 2017, to elect Presidente - 2nd round, with a 44.01% of voter participation.
Presidential Elections
There's no data of electoral participation for Atacama on 2017 presidential election.
Legislative Elections

The Senators who represent Atacama for the 2018-2022 term are YASNA PROVOSTE CAMPILLAY, and RAFAEL PROHENS ESPINOSA.

On the other hand, the Congresspersons representing Atacama for the 2018-2022 term are DANIELLA CICARDINI MILLA, SOFIA CID VERSALOVIC, JAIME MULET MARTINEZ, JUAN RUBEN SANTANA CASTILLO, and NICOLAS NOMAN GARRIDO.

Names marked with a * represent elected officials in said election.

Mayor Elections

The political parties that achieved the most mayor positions in Atacama for the 2016 election were Independientes (IND), with 4 representatives. Follows Partido por la Democracia (PPD), with 2 representatives, and Partido Comunista de Chile (PCCh), with 1 representatives.

Election
The highest participation in an election in Atacama was in 2017, to elect Presidente - 2nd round, with a 44.01% of voter participation.
Presidential Elections
There's no data of electoral participation for Atacama on 2017 presidential election.