President
SEBASTIAN PINERA ECHENIQUE
SEBASTIAN PINERA ECHENIQUE
R&D spending

In 2013, the economic sectors of Chile that spent more on R&D were Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, and Manufacturing.

In 2014, the companies of Chile that led the execution of R&D spending were Private Domestic, Private Foreign and State-owned.

Trade

In 2016 firms located in Chile exported US$ 56.06 b. During the last years, Chile exports have decreased at an annual average rate of -6%, from US$ 78.09 b in to US$ 56.06 b in 2016. Chile main export is Refined Copper, that represents 23% of Chile total exports, followed by Copper Ore that represents 20%.

In 2016 firms located in Chile imported US$ 47.34 b. During the last years, Chile imports have decreased at an annual average rate of -6%, from US$ 64.62 b in to US$ 47.34 b in 2016. Chile main import is Cars, that represents 5% of Chile total imports, followed by Petroleum oils and oils from bituminous minerals, not crude; preparations n.e.c, containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or oils from bituminous minerals; these being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils that represents 5%.

Industry

In 2014, Chile created a total output of $ 511.0 t. Labour productivity based on industry output in Chile was $ 42.8 m CLP per worker.

Chile principal industries are Financial and insurance activities, Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles and Manufacturing.

Chile most common occupations, according to number of workers, are Elementary occupations, Service workers and shop and market sales workers and Craft and related trade workers.

Opportunity in Industries

Comunas, regions and countries have a greater probability of starting related economic activities with respect to those activities they already perform. The industry space connects industries that tend to exist by the same countries.

Higher presence industries in Chile are highlighted in colours. By clicking on networks you can see the most related products and industries (and with higher development probability) related to those already present in Chile.

Industry Space

Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) measures specialization level for a location in an industry or product. In case a locality has RCA greater than one at an economic activity, the referred activity has greater presence on that location with respect to an average location.

Opportunity in Products

Comunas, regions and countries have a greater probability of starting related economic activities with respect to those activities they already perform. The product space connects products that tend to be exported by the same countries.

Higher presence products in Chile are highlighted in colours. By clicking on networks you can see the most related products and industries (and with higher development probability) related to those already present in Chile.

Product Space

Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) measures specialization level for a location in an industry or product. In case a locality has RCA greater than one at an economic activity, the referred activity has greater presence on that location with respect to an average location.

Employment

In 2016, the workforce in Chile was composed by 12.23 m people, of which 6.11 m were men and 6.11 m were women.

In 2016, the number of people working in Chile was 7.60 m employees, while the number of unemployed people was 515.99 k, and the number of non-active people was 4.12 m.

Most of the occupied people of Chile has an educational level (according to their last completed grade) Upper secondary education, followed by Bachelor’s or equivalent level.

Income

Income by sex and age slide.

Income

Income by sex and age slide.

R&D spending

In 2013, the economic sectors of Chile that spent more on R&D were Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, and Manufacturing.

In 2014, the companies of Chile that led the execution of R&D spending were Private Domestic, Private Foreign and State-owned.

Trade

In 2016 firms located in Chile exported US$ 56.06 b. During the last years, Chile exports have decreased at an annual average rate of -6%, from US$ 78.09 b in to US$ 56.06 b in 2016. Chile main export is Refined Copper, that represents 23% of Chile total exports, followed by Copper Ore that represents 20%.

In 2016 firms located in Chile imported US$ 47.34 b. During the last years, Chile imports have decreased at an annual average rate of -6%, from US$ 64.62 b in to US$ 47.34 b in 2016. Chile main import is Cars, that represents 5% of Chile total imports, followed by Petroleum oils and oils from bituminous minerals, not crude; preparations n.e.c, containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or oils from bituminous minerals; these being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils that represents 5%.

Enrollment

In 2015 there were 3,548,845 enrolled students in Chile schools. From these, 1,290,770 were enrolled in municipal managed schools, 1,935,331 in subsidised schools, 276,892 in private schools, and 45,852 in delegated administration schools.

Performance Evaluation

National System of Performance Evaluation (SNED) is a performance index of schools based on the measurement of 6 factors: effectiveness, improvement, initiative, improvement of working conditions, equal opportunities and teacher integration. * Effectiveness and Overcoming come from standarized test SIMCE.

In 2016, the average score awarded by SNED for Chile schools was 67.48 over 100. National average score of SNED was 67.48 over 100.

Average Performance By School Type

* In the case of Special Education, these establishments do not present indicators applicable for the factors effectiveness and overcoming

Efectiveness: Educational result obtained by the establishment in relation with the population served. It is measured through the SIMCE average in all learning sub-sectors. Weighting of 37% in the SNED index.

Overcoming: Differentials of educational attainment obtained over time by the educational establishment. Weighting of 28% in the SNED index.

Fairness: Degree of accessibility and permanence of the school population in the educational establishment and the integration of groups with learning difficulties. Weighting of 22% in the SNED index.

Improvement: It was considered in its measurement the classification of the establishment in the Subsidies Inspection System and compliance with the statistical processes demanded by the Ministry of Education such as Enrollment, Teaching Suitability, Performance Acts, Improvement of working conditions and proper operation of the establishment. Weighting of 2% in the SNED index.

Initiative: Capacity of the establishment to incorporate educational innovations and engage the support of external agents in their pedagogical work. Weighting of 6% in the SNED index.

Integration: Integration and participation of professors, parents and guardians in the development of the educational project of the establishment. Weighting of 5% in the SNED index.

Performance Evaluation

National System of Performance Evaluation (SNED) is a performance index of schools based on the measurement of 6 factors: effectiveness, improvement, initiative, improvement of working conditions, equal opportunities and teacher integration. * Effectiveness and Overcoming come from standarized test SIMCE.

In 2016, the average score awarded by SNED for Chile schools was 67.48 over 100. National average score of SNED was 67.48 over 100.

Efectiveness vs Overcoming by Comuna & Type

* In the case of Special Education, these establishments do not present indicators applicable for the factors effectiveness and overcoming

Efectiveness: Educational result obtained by the establishment in relation with the population served. It is measured through the SIMCE average in all learning sub-sectors. Weighting of 37% in the SNED index.

Overcoming: Differentials of educational attainment obtained over time by the educational establishment. Weighting of 28% in the SNED index.

Fairness: Degree of accessibility and permanence of the school population in the educational establishment and the integration of groups with learning difficulties. Weighting of 22% in the SNED index.

Improvement: It was considered in its measurement the classification of the establishment in the Subsidies Inspection System and compliance with the statistical processes demanded by the Ministry of Education such as Enrollment, Teaching Suitability, Performance Acts, Improvement of working conditions and proper operation of the establishment. Weighting of 2% in the SNED index.

Initiative: Capacity of the establishment to incorporate educational innovations and engage the support of external agents in their pedagogical work. Weighting of 6% in the SNED index.

Integration: Integration and participation of professors, parents and guardians in the development of the educational project of the establishment. Weighting of 5% in the SNED index.

Score

In 2016, 489,855 PSU Exams were taken in Chile. The PSU average score in Chile was 501 points in 2016.

*The PSU average is the arithmetic mean between the score obtained in the Spanish Language test and the Mathematics test.

Score

In 2016, 489,855 PSU Exams were taken in Chile. The PSU average score in Chile was 501 points in 2016.

*The PSU average is the arithmetic mean between the score obtained in the Spanish Language test and the Mathematics test.

Performance

In 2016, PSU average* in Chile de escuelas Municipal fue 471 puntos, de escuelas Subsidised fue 501 puntos, de escuelas Private fue 598 puntos y de escuelas Delegated Administration fue 459 puntos.

The comunas of Chile with best PSU performance are Vitacura (619.2 points), Lo Barnechea (601.3 points), and Las Condes (601.2 points).

*The PSU average is the arithmetic mean between the score obtained in the Spanish Language test and the Mathematics test.

Enrollment

In 2015 there were 3,548,845 enrolled students in Chile schools. From these, 1,290,770 were enrolled in municipal managed schools, 1,935,331 in subsidised schools, 276,892 in private schools, and 45,852 in delegated administration schools.

Performance Evaluation

National System of Performance Evaluation (SNED) is a performance index of schools based on the measurement of 6 factors: effectiveness, improvement, initiative, improvement of working conditions, equal opportunities and teacher integration. * Effectiveness and Overcoming come from standarized test SIMCE.

In 2016, the average score awarded by SNED for Chile schools was 67.48 over 100. National average score of SNED was 67.48 over 100.

Average Performance By School Type

* In the case of Special Education, these establishments do not present indicators applicable for the factors effectiveness and overcoming

Efectiveness: Educational result obtained by the establishment in relation with the population served. It is measured through the SIMCE average in all learning sub-sectors. Weighting of 37% in the SNED index.

Overcoming: Differentials of educational attainment obtained over time by the educational establishment. Weighting of 28% in the SNED index.

Fairness: Degree of accessibility and permanence of the school population in the educational establishment and the integration of groups with learning difficulties. Weighting of 22% in the SNED index.

Improvement: It was considered in its measurement the classification of the establishment in the Subsidies Inspection System and compliance with the statistical processes demanded by the Ministry of Education such as Enrollment, Teaching Suitability, Performance Acts, Improvement of working conditions and proper operation of the establishment. Weighting of 2% in the SNED index.

Initiative: Capacity of the establishment to incorporate educational innovations and engage the support of external agents in their pedagogical work. Weighting of 6% in the SNED index.

Integration: Integration and participation of professors, parents and guardians in the development of the educational project of the establishment. Weighting of 5% in the SNED index.

Housing & Environment|Security

Devices

In Chile, by 2016, 4,662,255 people have internet access.

From these, 2,995,759 accessed the internet through a mobile phone, 2,185,729 using a laptop, and 1,123,836 through a desktop computer.

Devices' use in Chile

64.3%

use device

Mobile phone

46.9%

use device

Laptop computer

24.1%

use device

Desktop computer

21.6%

use device

Tablet

13.1%

use device

Smart TV

10.4%

use device

Videogame console

Crimes

The crimes of greatest social connotation with the highest number of reports in Chile during 2016 were Theft with force, Larcenies and Injuries.

Services Access

The CASEN survey gathers information on access to services and equipment for the inhabitants of the different localities of the country.

Main services in Chile

96.7%

Less Than 8 Blocks from

Public Transport

94.5%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Educational Center

85.5%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Health Center

93.7%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Market

88.4%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

ATM

89.1%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Sport Center

89.8%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Green Areas

88.2%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Community Equipment

71.3%

Less Than 20 Blocks from

Pharmacy

Quality

In Chile there are 1190014 rural households (8.6% of the households total).

Most households in Chile are Detached. The most common construction material in Chile is Masonry (cement block, stone or brick).

Devices

In Chile, by 2016, 4,662,255 people have internet access.

From these, 2,995,759 accessed the internet through a mobile phone, 2,185,729 using a laptop, and 1,123,836 through a desktop computer.

Devices' use in Chile

64.3%

use device

Mobile phone

46.9%

use device

Laptop computer

24.1%

use device

Desktop computer

21.6%

use device

Tablet

13.1%

use device

Smart TV

10.4%

use device

Videogame console

Crimes

The crimes of greatest social connotation with the highest number of reports in Chile during 2016 were Theft with force, Larcenies and Injuries.

Population

For the year 2018, the population on Chile, according to INE estimations, is 18,138,749 people.

The poblational projection for the year 2020 is +18,549,095 people.

Migration

During 2016, 228,253 visas were granted to immigrants that declare residence in Chile. The main origin countries are: Peru and Colombia. Most of them has No data as an education level.

Migration

The average age, according to the visas granted on 2016 to immigrants living in Chile is 30.4 years old.

In Chile, visas granted are split in 47.0 % of women, and 53.0 % of men.

Migration

In 2016, 60.5 % of the 228,253 visas granted in Chile correlate to the most common activity between immigrants: Employee.

Likewise, the most common visa type in Chile is Definitive Permanence By Grace, with a 73.5 %.

Population

For the year 2018, the population on Chile, according to INE estimations, is 18,138,749 people.

The poblational projection for the year 2020 is +18,549,095 people.

Migration

During 2016, 228,253 visas were granted to immigrants that declare residence in Chile. The main origin countries are: Peru and Colombia. Most of them has No data as an education level.

Death Causes

In the period 2010 - 2014, death cause with the highest annual growth rate in Chile were Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease with a 3.9 %, followed by Tumors (Neoplasms) with a 2.0 %.

Access

En 2015, 13,848,677 people were affiliated to a health insurance system, representing 77.5 % of the population in Chile.

On the other hand, affiliations to a health insurance company had decreased at a rate of -4.0 % in the period 2000-2015

Access to Health Insurance*

* “When a new beneficiary joins the Public Health Insurance, the first task of FONASA is to place them in one of its 4 income segments. This classification, of scale type, allows to gather socioeconomic characterizations of the beneficiary population, and they are defined in the following way:

  • A Group: Beneficiaries lacking the resources to pay contributions in health, or in conditions of indigence (non-contributors).
  • B Group: Beneficiaries with incomes under CLP$270,000 per month (contributors). Workers in the public health sector.
  • C Group: Beneficiaries with incomes between CLP$270,000 and CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).
  • D Group: Beneficiaries with income equal or higher than CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).

However, the specific usefulness of this distribution of the beneficiary population is to specify the co-payment that they make in return for medical care granted with the coverage. Copayment is the concept to refer to a payment for services shared between the beneficiary and the insurance, where FONASA finances or subsidizes a part (percentage) of the cost of any health care, and the beneficiary contributes out of pocket the part that we do not finance / we reward.”

Healthcare by Type

In 2014, there were reports for 19,917,826 emergency medical treatments in Chile.

Also, 33.1 % of these medical treatments were for specialized care, reporting an annual growth of 1.8 % in the period 2010-2014

Disability

In 2015, 2,606,914 people at Chile suffered some disabilities type, where 41.5 % corresponded to a severe disability.

Death Causes

In the period 2010 - 2014, death cause with the highest annual growth rate in Chile were Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease with a 3.9 %, followed by Tumors (Neoplasms) with a 2.0 %.

Access

En 2015, 13,848,677 people were affiliated to a health insurance system, representing 77.5 % of the population in Chile.

On the other hand, affiliations to a health insurance company had decreased at a rate of -4.0 % in the period 2000-2015

Access to Health Insurance*

* “When a new beneficiary joins the Public Health Insurance, the first task of FONASA is to place them in one of its 4 income segments. This classification, of scale type, allows to gather socioeconomic characterizations of the beneficiary population, and they are defined in the following way:

  • A Group: Beneficiaries lacking the resources to pay contributions in health, or in conditions of indigence (non-contributors).
  • B Group: Beneficiaries with incomes under CLP$270,000 per month (contributors). Workers in the public health sector.
  • C Group: Beneficiaries with incomes between CLP$270,000 and CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).
  • D Group: Beneficiaries with income equal or higher than CLP$394,200 per month (contributors).

However, the specific usefulness of this distribution of the beneficiary population is to specify the co-payment that they make in return for medical care granted with the coverage. Copayment is the concept to refer to a payment for services shared between the beneficiary and the insurance, where FONASA finances or subsidizes a part (percentage) of the cost of any health care, and the beneficiary contributes out of pocket the part that we do not finance / we reward.”

Election
The highest participation in an election in Chile was in 2017, to elect Presidente - 2nd round, with a 49.00% of voter participation.
Presidential Elections
There's no data of electoral participation for Chile on 2017 presidential election.
Legislative Elections

Within the Senate, the political parties that achieved the most seats in the election of 2017 were Renovación Nacional (RN), with 6 representatives. Follows Partido por la Democracia (PPD), with 4 representatives, and Unión Demócrata Independiente (UDI), with 4 representatives.

Meanwhile, the political parties that achieved the most seats in the Chamber of Congresspersons in the same year were Renovación Nacional (RN), with 36 representatives, followed by Unión Demócrata Independiente (UDI), with 30 representatives, and Partido Socialista de Chile (PS), with 19 representatives.

Mayor Elections

The political parties that achieved the most mayor positions in Chile for the 2016 election were Independientes (IND), with 132 representatives. Follows Unión Demócrata Independiente (UDI), with 52 representatives, and Renovación Nacional (RN), with 47 representatives.

Election
The highest participation in an election in Chile was in 2017, to elect Presidente - 2nd round, with a 49.00% of voter participation.
Presidential Elections
There's no data of electoral participation for Chile on 2017 presidential election.